26 Vegetables That Start With The Letter G

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Today we will be sharing with you some vegetables that start with the letter G. We have quite the assortment to go through, so buckle up for a veggie adventure!

You will learn about the origins, nutritional values, health benefits, and culinary uses of each vegetable. Plus, we'll peek into any allergies they might bring to the table.

See also: More Vegetables That Start With

Table of Contents

Vegetable Trivia Question

What vegetable is known as the "king of antioxidants" and starts with the letter "B"? (Answer at the end of the article!)

Vegetables That Start With The Letter G


Vegetables That Start With The Letter G

"To eat is a necessity, but to eat intelligently is an art." - François de La Rochefoucauld

Galangal is a root vegetable akin to ginger but with a sharper, spicier flavor. Originating from Southeast Asia, it's a staple in many Thai, Indonesian, and Malaysian dishes. Rich in vitamins C and A, it also packs antioxidants, which help fight inflammation and enhance immunity. Though rare, some might experience stomach discomfort if consuming large amounts. Galangal's culinary use primarily revolves around its minced or grated form in soups, curries, and sauces.

Garbanzo Beans

Also known as chickpeas, garbanzo beans hail from the Middle East and are rich in protein, fiber, and minerals like iron and phosphorus. They support heart and bone health while helping to manage weight. Garbanzo beans are versatile in the kitchen, used in everything from salads and soups to hummus and falafel.

Garden Cress

This peppery, edible herb is packed with iron, calcium, folate, and vitamin C, promoting bone health and helping in red blood cell formation. Originating from the Near East, garden cress can be added raw to salads, sandwiches, or used as a garnish, enhancing dishes with its distinct flavor.

Garden Rocket

Also known as arugula, garden rocket is a leafy green with a peppery taste. It's rich in calcium, potassium, and vitamins C and K, offering benefits like improved bone health and reduced blood pressure. Native to the Mediterranean region, it works well in salads, pesto, or as a pizza topping.


Garlic, with its strong flavor and aroma, hails from Central Asia and has been used for both culinary and medicinal purposes for centuries. It's renowned for its cardiovascular benefits, stemming from its high allicin content. Garlic can be used raw or cooked in a myriad of dishes worldwide.

Garlic Scapes

These are the tender, curly shoots from the garlic plant, offering a milder taste than garlic bulbs. They're packed with vitamins and antioxidants and can be grilled, roasted, or used in pestos for a unique flavor addition to various dishes.

Gem Squash

A small, round squash with a sweet, nutty flavor, gem squash is native to the Americas. It's rich in vitamins A and C, along with antioxidants that support eye health and immune function. It can be baked, boiled, or stuffed, serving as a versatile vegetable in meals.

German Butterball Potato

Celebrated for its rich, buttery flavor, this potato variety comes from Europe. It's an excellent source of potassium and vitamin C. Perfect for baking, roasting, and mashing, the German Butterball enhances any dish with its creamy texture.


Small and crunchy, gherkins are a type of cucumber used primarily for pickling. Originating from West Asia, they're low in calories but rich in vitamin K, aiding in blood clotting and bone health. They're a common feature in many pickled foods.

Gigante Bean

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"Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food." - Hippocrates

Originating from Greece, these large white beans are packed with protein, fiber, and minerals like iron and magnesium. They promote digestive health and can maintain healthy blood sugar levels. Gigante beans are perfect in salads, soups, or as a hearty side dish.


Ginger, a root with a hot, fragrant flavor profile, hails from Southeast Asia. Known for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, it aids in digestion and can relieve nausea. Ginger is incredibly versatile in cooking, used in sweets, teas, and savory dishes alike.


Thriving in salty waters, glasswort is a crunchy, salty green vegetable that's often used as a salad green or pickle. It's high in vitamin A and minerals like calcium and iron, supporting vision and bone health.

Globe Artichoke

Native to the Mediterranean, the globe artichoke is a flower bud packed with fiber, vitamins C and K, and antioxidants. It can lower bad cholesterol levels and improve liver health. Globe artichokes can be steamed, boiled, or grilled and are a delicious addition to any meal.


Also known as burdock root, gobo is a staple in Japanese cuisine. It offers dietary fiber, potassium, and antioxidants, promoting digestive health and blood purification. Gobo can be sautéed, pickled, or added to soups for a crunchy texture and earthy flavor.

Gold Rush Squash

This yellow summer squash, similar to zucchini, is rich in vitamins A and C, offering immune and vision support. Native to the Americas, Gold Rush squash has a mild, sweet flavor and can be used interchangeably with zucchini in recipes.

Golden Samphire

A salty, crunchy sea vegetable, golden samphire is high in vitamins A and C, as well as iron and calcium. It can be eaten raw in salads or lightly steamed as a side dish, providing a unique, oceanic flavor to meals.


Gongura leaves are a sour leafy vegetable popular in Indian cuisine. They are rich in iron, vitamins, and antioxidants, supporting heart health and digestion. Gongura can be made into chutneys or used in dals and curries for a tangy flavor.

Good King Henry

Also known as Lincolnshire spinach, this ancient vegetable is rich in iron, calcium, and vitamins A and C. It can be cooked just like spinach, offering a similar but slightly more bitter flavor, and used in salads or as a side dish.


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This herbaceous plant has a history of medicinal use for relieving gout and arthritis symptoms. Goutweed is rich in vitamin C and potassium. While not commonly found in mainstream cooking, it can be used similarly to parsley.

Grape Leaves

Commonly used in Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cuisines, grape leaves are rich in vitamins A, C, and E, along with fiber and antioxidants. They're commonly stuffed with rice, meat, or grains, offering a nutritious wrap for various fillings.

Great Northern Bean

Great Northern beans are large, white beans known for their mild flavor and firm flesh. They're a good source of protein, fiber, and minerals like magnesium and iron, supporting heart health and digestion. They're versatile in soups, stews, and salads.

Green Bean

These crunchy, green pods are packed with vitamins C, K, and A, along with fiber and folic acid. Green beans can support heart health and offer antioxidants for general well-being. They're widely used in casseroles, salads, and as side dishes.

Green Onion

Green onions, or scallions, add a mild, crisp flavor to dishes. They're a good source of vitamins A and C, along with antioxidants. Green onions are versatile, used both raw and cooked in a variety of cuisines worldwide.

Green Pepper

This bell pepper variety is rich in vitamins C and A, promoting strong immunity and vision health. Green peppers add a sweet, slightly bitter flavor to dishes, used in stir-fries, salads, and stuffed recipes.

Green Seaweed

"Vegetables are a must on a diet. I suggest carrot cake, zucchini bread, and pumpkin pie." - Jim Davis

Green seaweed, or sea lettuce, is high in iodine, vitamins A and C, and calcium, supporting thyroid function and bone health. It's often used in soups, salads, or as a wrap for sushi, adding a distinct umami flavor.

Green Tomato

Unripe tomatoes that are still green are tangy and firmer than their red counterparts. They're rich in antioxidants and vitamins C and K. Green tomatoes are popularly fried, baked, or used in relishes and salsas.

Green Zucchini

This summer squash is light and versatile, with a high water content and rich in vitamins A and C. Green zucchini can support eye health and immunity. It can be grilled, roasted, or used in baking for a healthy addition to meals.


Guar beans produce a natural thickener known as guar gum, widely used in food production. The beans themselves are high in protein and fiber, supporting digestive health. In cooking, they're used in a similar way to lentils and beans, providing a nutritional boost to dishes.

Vegetable Trivia Answer

What vegetable is known as the "king of antioxidants" and starts with the letter "B"?

Final Thoughts on Vegetables That Start With The Letter G

We hope that you have learned plenty about the vast world of vegetables that kick off with the letter G. Each brings its unique flavors, textures, and health benefits to the table, proving that variety truly is the spice of life.

Diving into the origins and uses of these vegetables not only broadens our culinary horizons but also enhances our appreciation for the diversity of produce available to us. Whether you're exploring exotic varieties like galangal and gongura or sticking to familiar favorites like green beans and garlic, there's always something new to discover and enjoy. So, keep experimenting with these G-orgeous veggies in your cooking adventures!

For further reading on galangal and gongura, their benefits and culinary uses, you can visit their Wikipedia pages: Galangal, Gongura.

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